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Mithila Paintings, Symbol of Rama-Sita Wedding? A glimpse into the history of this art form!

This year, history has unfolded at Ayodhya with the consecration of the Rama Mandir and the world is buzzing with the discussions on Lord Rama and his existence on Earth. This seems like the right time to also talk about an ancient art form associated with Lord Rama and his wedding, the Mithila Painting.


The Mithila Painting doesn’t need an introduction to those living in Bihar but we certainly want to write more and blog more about it for the world to be acquainted, understand and also embrace the art. Also known as Madhubani painting, this art form is just one of the several art forms that have been practised in India since ancient times but have also seen a downfall because of lack of patronage and technology and digitisation coming to the forefront. So, there is a pressing need to spread the message about the beauty and significance of this painting, and what better time than this when the world is showing its curiosity and also acceptance of Lord Rama - Sita - Ramayana and they don’t remain mythological any more!


Madhubani painting is an ancient art form that originated in the Mithila region of India and Nepal, and is named after a town in Bihar known as Madhubani. The region was then ruled by King Janaka, father of Sita in Treta Yuga. The references of Mithila painting, also known as Madhubani painting are found in the epic Ramayana, where it is mentioned that King Janaka, the father of asked his kingdom to decorate the town for the wedding of Sita and Lord Rama with intricate paintings, thus establishing a tradition of mural art in the region. Also the paintings were used to capture the memorable moments of the marriage of the princess Sita and prince Rama. Later, it became a ritual to cover particular occasions such as birth, marriage and festivals such as Holi, Kali Puja, Durga Pooja and more! Each stroke in Madhubani painting tells a story, carrying with it the essence of tradition and spirituality. From auspicious symbols like lotus flowers and peacocks to intricate geometric patterns, every detail in Madhubani art reflects a deep connection to nature and the divine.


The art was traditionally practised by the women in this region, and they used their own fingers, twigs, matchsticks or even nib pens to create them. Natural dyes and pigments were used to create the paint. The women of the region also made sure to pass down the art of painting to women down the generations and that’s how the knowledge of this art has still been preserved in the Madhubani and adjoining areas in Bihar. This art form is deeply intertwined with the cultural and social fabric of the Mithila region. It served as a means of expression for women, allowing them to depict their thoughts, emotions, and stories through vibrant colours and intricate patterns.


 In current times also, there are many institutions, groups and individuals striving to preserve this art form. It continues to thrive as a symbol of India's rich cultural heritage, captivating art lovers with its timeless beauty and intricate storytelling. Hence, as a brand we have taken the responsibility to spread the message about this art form, employ women from rural India who are skilled at it and also promote it globally.

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